Alhamdulillah, Praise be of Allah, Lord of the worlds
In one of session of Aqeedah (3rd Sem) in Islamic Studies, our Ustad Rasheed Ahmed shared with us Four Pillars/levels of Qadar which AHLE SUNNAH WAL JAMAAH agrees on. I am not able to stop myself from copy-pasting this. Following was shared by our Ustad,
Faith in al-Qadar has four pillars:
1- ilm: Allaah knows everything before they happen.
وأن الله قد أحاط بكل شيء علماً
“And that Allaah’s knowledge encompasses all things.” (65:12)
يعلم ما بين أيديهم وما خلفهم
“He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them.” (2:255 aayat-ul-kursee)
2- kitaabah: Allaah has written down everything that will ever happen.
وكل شيء أحصيناه في إمام مبين
“And I have recorded the numbers of all things in a Clear Book.” (36:12)
“Allaah wrote the Decree of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, and His Throne was upon water.” (Saheeh Muslim #6416)
3- mashee’ah: Nothing happens without Allaah’s permission.
وما تشاؤون إلا أن يشاء الله
“But you cannot will, unless Allaah wills.” (76:30)
ولا تقولن لشيء إني فاعل ذلك غذاً. إلا أن يشاء الله
“And never say of anything, ‘I shall do such and such thing tomorrow,’ except (with the saying): If Allaah willsز” (18:23-24)
“Know that if the whole world combines to do you any good, they will not be able to do it unless Allaah has decreed it for you. And if they all combine to cause you harm, they will not be able to do anything except what Allaah has ordained for you. ” [Reported by at-Tirmidhee, #2516, who graded it authentic]
4- khalq: Allaah has given us the will to choose our actions, but it is He who creates them when we do them.
الله خالق كل شيء
“Allaah is the Creator of all things and He is the Guardian over all.” (39:62)
والله خلقكم وما تعملون
“While Allaah has created you and what you do!” (37:96)