Praise be to Allah and May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His beloved Messenger, his family and companions, and those that follow them in righteousness till the final day.
It is available from Hadith,
“I saw the Prophet(pbuh) passing wet hands over his turban and Khuffs (leather socks).“
“Jarir urinated, then performed ablution and wiped over the socks. It was said to him: “Do you do like this?” He said: “Yes, I saw that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) urinated, then performed ablution and then wiped over his shoes.”
And it is reported in hadith from the book of Imam Ibn Hajr,
“I was with Prophet (pbuh) during an expedition. He started to perform ablution and I was about to remove his khuffs (socks), when he said, “Leave them, for I put them on while I was in a state of purity.” And he wiped over them.”
From the above Ahadith, it is clear the wiping over of the socks, which is worn in the stage of Ablution, i.e. wudu, is one of the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (pbuh).
Dr. Bilal Philips in one of his lectures told that the Mutawattir Ahadith concerning this reaches 84 in numbers. The issue of acceptance of this Sunnah was taken so strictly that Imam At-Tahawi took its acceptance as an issue of Aqeedah (Islamic Creed) in his book ‘AQEEDAH AT-TAHAWIYYAH’, to make clear identification from the deviants, the Rafidah’s, who reject this Sunnah, which is proven by Mutawattir Ahadiths.
Imam At-Tahawi states in his Article 85 of Islamic Creed,
“We believe that it is correct to wipe over leather socks, whether one is traveling or resident, as has been mentioned in the hadith.”
In the commentary of this book, Imam Ibn Al-Izz, said that if anybody doubts these ahadiths, than he should even more so doubt the verses about ablution, as ahadith for wiping over are far more in numbers compared to the verses for wudu in the Quran
Hence, the matter of wiping over of the khuffs (socks) can be summed up in following views of Imam Ahmad [http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/45535/socks];
- It is an authentic Sunnah of our Prophet pbuh.
- It is a concession from our Prophet pbuh.
- It is a means of differentiating ourselves from the people of Bi’dah, the Rafidahs and Kharijis.
Following are the rulings from the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (pbuh) concerning the wiping over of the socks;
1. Concerning the material of the socks, following is narrated by Umar RA in one of the hadith,
“When anyone of you performs ablution and puts his socks or khuffs on, he may wipe over them, perform prayers while wearing them and not take them off, if he so wishes, except in the case of (Janabah).”
This hadith very clearly negates differentiating between the khuffs and socks and makes the wiping over of the normal socks same as wiping over of the khuffs. Hence, the misconception of some of the scholars that the socks shall be only of leather or very thick is unwarranted. Also Shaykh Sulayman Ibn Nasir Al-Awan in his Fatwa related from Fatwa of Shaykh Ul-Islam Imam Ibn Taymiyyah, that socks refer to any normal ones that people wear in daily use. And in fatwa # 13954, Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjad, derived from statement of early scholars including that of Ibn Hazm and a saying of Ibn Umar who stated, “Wiping over the socks (jawrabayn) is like wiping over the leather slippers (khuffayn).” These Fatwa’s also clarify the position that the socks may have holes unless they are more than what are ordinarily acceptable. Also it is unanimous opinion of the scholars that the shoes, khuffs or socks should at least reach the ankles for the condition of wiping to be valid.
2. The socks should have been worn while the person is in a state of purity.
……… “Leave them, for I put them on while I was in a state of purity.” And he wiped over them.”
3. The wiping over of the socks shall be done on the upper part of the socks as stated in following hadith:
“………. He wiped over the upper part of the socks and their lower part.”
“If the religion were based on opinion, it would be more important to wipe the under part of the shoe than the upper but I have seen the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) wiping over the upper part of his shoes.”
Furthermore, right foot shall be wiped first, same as the condition of ablution and it is the view of Imam Salih Al-Fawzaan that wiping should be performed passing from toes towards the leg and fingers while doing so should be open. Wiping should be done only once.
4. The time limit allowed for khuff/socks to be kept on for wiping for a resident shall be one day and one night and for a traveler, it shall be three days and three nights. Moreover, except the case when a person goes in the state of Janabah, wherein Ghusl becomes compulsory, socks may be worn full time, even at the time of sleeping and relieving oneself. These are derived from following ahadith,
“……. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) stipulated (the upper limit) of three days and three nights for a traveler and one day and one night for the resident.”
“The messenger of Allah (pbuh) used to command us, when we were traveling not to take off our socks for three days and nights. We did not remove them unless we were in a state of post-sex impurity (janabah). We did not remove them on account of relieving ourselves (defecation), passing urine or sleeping.”
Another issue is that of the point of starting of the time limit of wiping of the socks. Again, Imam Salih Al-Fawzaan is of the view that the time limit start from the time one breaks the wudu after having worn the socks (at the time within the stage of ritual purity, i.e. in state of wudu). This same view is also held by Shaykh Ibn Al Uthaymeen, in his Fatwa for this issue.
5. Lastly,the socks shall not be of the materials which are disallowed and illegal, like made of Silk or acquired illegally.
ALLAH KNOWS THE BEST,
I have tried my best to present to your all authentic information with proper refernces to the best of my ability and if i have made any mistake please do correct me. Anything good is from Allah and anything bad is from me and the shaytan. May Allah forgive me for any errors.Ameen!
 Sahih Hadith Bukhari, – Vol 1, Hadith no. 204, narrated by Jafar Bin Amr on the authority of his Father
 Sahih Hadith Muslim – Ch. 15, Bk. 2, Hadith no. 520, narrated by Hummam
 Bulugh Al-Maram, Hadith no. 63, Narrated by Al-Mughrrah Bin Shubah, agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim
 Sharh Al-Aqidah At-Tahawiyyah, page no. 344-345
 Bulugh Al-Maram, Hadith no. 69, Narrated by Umar RA, and related by Ad-Darqutni and graded Sahih by Al-Hakim
 Bulugh Al-Maram, Hadith no. 63, agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim
 Sunnan Abu-Dawood, Hadith no. 84, Narrated by Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu’bah
 Sunnan Abu-Dawood, Hadith no. 83, Narrated by Ali Ibn AbuTalib
 Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence, Vol 1, page 51
 Sahih Hadith Muslim – Ch. 17, Bk no. 2, Hadith no. 537, Narrated by Shurayh Ibn Hani
 Bulugh Al-Maram, Hadith no. 66, Narrated by Safwan Bin Assal, and related by An-Nasai and At-Tirmidhi accepted by Bukhari
 Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence, Vol 1, page 49
- SUMMARY OF ISLAMIC JURISPUDENCE, VOL. 1 by Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan
- FIQH US-SUNNAH by Sayyid Sabiq
- BULUGH AL-MARAM MIN ADILLAT AL-AHKAM by Imam Ibn Hajar
- HADITH SAHIH BUKHARI
- HADITH SAHIH MUSLIM
- ALIM EDUCATION SOFTWARE (http://alim.org/)
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