ZAKAAT TIME : A REMINDER FOR WHO ARE ELIGIBLE FOR ZAKAAT

Al-Quran, Surah At-Tawba (9) Verse 60.

“Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. “

So Allah mentions here 8 type of people entitled to receive Zakat,

1 – Poor
2 – Needy
3 – Those Employed to collect Zakaat.
4 – For bringing hearts together for Islam 
5 – For freeing captives or slaves
6 – For those in debt
7 – The cause of Allah 
8 – Traveller who is stranded

Further, in Tafsir ibn kathir , Imam ibn Kathir points out various hadith in explanation of this,

1 – The Fuqara’ (Poor)
Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
“The alms should not be given to the wealthy and the physically fit.”
– Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi collected this Hadith.

2 – The Masakin (Needy)
Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,
“The needy person is not the one who goes round the people and asks them for a mouthful or two (of meals) or a date or two”. They asked, “Then who is the needy person, O Allah’s Messenger!” He said, “The one who does not have enough to satisfy his needs and whose condition is not known to others, that others may give him something in charity, and who does not beg of people.”
– The Two Shaykhs collected this Hadith

3 – Those employed to collect Zakaat 
Those employed to collect alms deserve a part of the alms, unless they are relatives of the Messenger of Allah , who are not allowed to accept any Sadaqah. Muslim recorded that `Abdul-Muttalib bin Rabi`ah bin Al-Harith and Al-Fadl bin Al-`Abbas went to the Messenger of Allah asking him to employ them to collect the alms. The Messenger replied,
“Verily, the alms are not allowed for Muhammad nor the relatives of Muhammad, for it is only the dirt that the people discard.”

4 – For bringing hearts together for Islam 
There are several types of Al-Mu’allafatu Qulubuhum. There are those who are given alms to embrace Islam.
For instance, the Prophet of Allah gave something to Safwan bin Umayyah from the war spoils of Hunayn, even though he attended it while a Mushrik. Safwan said, “He kept giving me until he became the dearest person to me after he had been the most hated person to me.” Imam Ahmad recorded that Safwan bin Umayyah said, “The Messenger of Allah gave me (from the spoils of) Hunayn while he was the most hateful person to me. He kept giving me until he became the most beloved person to me.”
-Muslim and At-Tirmidhi collected this Hadith, as well.

Some of Al-Mu’allafatu Qulubuhum are given from alms so that they become better in Islam and their heart firmer in faith. For instance, the Prophet gave some of the chiefs of the Tulaqa’ a hundred camels each after the battle of Hunayn, saying, “I give a man (from the alms) while another man is dearer to me than him, for fear that Allah might throw him on his face in the fire of Jahannam.” It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Abu Sa`id said that `Ali sent the Messenger of Allah a gold nugget still in its dirt from Yemen. The Prophet divided it between four men: Al-Aqra` bin Habis, `Uyaynah bin Badr, `Alqamah bin `Ulathah and Zayd Al-Khayr, saying,
“To draw their hearts closer.”

Some people are given because some of his peers might embrace Islam, while others are given to collect alms from surrounding areas, or to defend Muslim outposts. Allah knows best.

5 – For freeing captives or slaves
Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Muqatil bin Hayyan, `Umar bin `Abdul-`Aziz, Sa`id bin Jubayr, An-Nakha`i, Az-Zuhri and Ibn Zayd said Riqab means those slaves who make an agreement with the master to pay a certain ransom for their freedom.” Similar was reported from Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari.

Ibn `Abbas and Al-Hasan said, “It is allowed to use Zakah funds to buy the freedom of slaves,” indicating that `Riqab’ has more general meanings than merely giving money to slaves to buy their freedom or one’s buying a slave and freeing him on an individual basis. A Hadith states that for every limb ﴿of the servant﴾ freed, Allah frees a limb of the one who freed him from slavery, even a sexual organ for a sexual organ, for the reward is equitable to the deed, “And you will be requited nothing except for what you used to do.:37:39

In the Musnad, there is a Hadith from Al-Bara’ bin `Azib that a man asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Direct me to an action that draws me closer to Paradise and away from the Fire.” The Messenger of Allah said,
“Emancipate the person and free the neck (slave).” The man asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Are they not one and the same” He said, “No, you emancipate a person by freeing him on your own, but you untie a neck (slave) by helping in its price.”

6 – Those in debt
There are several types of indebted persons. They include those who incur expenses in solving disputes between people, those who guarantee a loan that became due, causing financial strain to them, and those whose funds do not sufficiently cover their debts. It also includes those who indulged in a sin and repented from it. These types have a right to a part of alms designated for Al-Gharimun. Qabisah bin Mukhariq Al-Hilali said, “I carried a debt resolving a dispute between people and went to the Messenger of Allah asking him to help pay it. The Messenger said,
“Be patient until some alms are brought to us so that we give it to you.” He then said, “O Qabisah! Begging is only allowed for three: a man who incurred debts solving disputes, so he is allowed to beg until he collects its amount and then stops. A man who was inflicted by a disaster that consumed his wealth, he is allowed to beg until he collects what suffices for his livelihood. And a man who was overcome by poverty, that three wise relatives of his stand up and proclaim, `So-and-so was overcome by poverty.’ This man is allowed to beg until he collects what sustains his livelihood. Other than these cases, begging is an unlawful amount that one illegally devours.”
-Muslim collected this Hadith.

Abu Sa`id said, “During the time of the Messenger of Allah , a man was struck by disaster because of fruits that he bought, causing him extensive debts. The Prophet said,
“Give him charity.” The people did that but the amount collected did not cover his debts. The Prophet said to the man’s debtors, “Take what was collected, you will have nothing beyond that.”
– Muslim collected this Hadith.

7 – In the Cause of Allah
In the cause of Allah is exclusive for the benefit of the fighters in Jihad, who do not receive compensation from the Muslim Treasury.

8 – Traveller
Ibn As-Sabil is a term used for the needy traveler in a land, where he does not have what helps him continue his trip. This type has a share in the Zakah for what suffices him to reach his destination, even if he had money there. The same is true for whoever intends to travel from his area but does not have enough money. This type also has a share in the Zakah money to suffice for his trip and back. This is proven in the Ayah as well as the following Hadith.

Imams Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah recorded that Ma`mar said that Zayd bin Aslam said that `Ata’ bin Yasar said that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said,
“Sadaqah is not rightful for a wealthy person except in five cases: those employed to collect it, one who bought a charity item with his money, a Gharim (debtor), a fighter in the cause of Allah, or a poor man who gets a part of the Zakah so he gives it as a gift to a rich man.

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “ZAKAAT TIME : A REMINDER FOR WHO ARE ELIGIBLE FOR ZAKAAT

  1. Pingback: ZAKAAT TIME : A REMINDER UPON WHICH ZAKAT IS DUE « MOHAMMED IRFAN

  2. Pingback: ZAKAAT TIME : A REMINDER FOR THOSE WHO FAIL TO PAY ZAKAAT ON THEIR WEALTH. « MOHAMMED IRFAN

  3. Pingback: ZAKAAT TIME : A REMINDER FOR BENEFITS IN GIVING ZAKAH ON THE WEALTH ONE POSSESSES. « MOHAMMED IRFAN

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s